Pdf an exploration of the executive arm of government in nigeria. The supreme court judiciary, the national assembly legislature, and the presidential villa executive as well as several federal buildings. Jul 09, 2017 the existing harmonious relationship among the three arms of government in delta state is built through effective collaboration arising from the fact that complete separation of powers is not. Constitutional framework regarding the multisphere system of government 3. It is no news that the relationship between the three tiers of government in nigeria has been somewhat shaky, filled with resentment that leads to cases settled in the supreme court, etc image by sesco photograpy. Government finance officer and for 16 years 19721988, served in local government in zambia where he ended up as city trea surer for kitwe city council, zambias second city 1982 1988. Nigeria current affairs 2020 questions and answers pdf. The failure of the nigerian government to execute a comprehensive disarmament and arms destruction programme after the civil war 19671970 exacerbated the proliferation of guns and illicit arms trafficking.
The federal government is the most senior level of government. Organs or arms of government these are a executive, b legislature and c judiciary the executive it is in two forms a parliamentary executive and b presidential executive functions of executive i. The government of the republic of uganda is a democracy made up of three arms. The efficiency services interrogation jide ibietan1, peter ndukwe2 abstract the central thesis or argument of this paper is that the performance of local governments in nigeria. Assessment of the integrity vienna international centre, p. The three arms zone is a district of abuja, the capital of nigeria, so named because it contains the headquarters of the three arms of government. The relationship between the three tiers of government in nigeria since we know the main responsibilities of each tier, we can discuss the relationship between them. It also interrogates the powers of this arm of government under the 1979, 1989 and. The nations first president was nnamdi azikiwe, a former governor general who rose to power with. It is no news that the relationship between the three tiers of government in nigeria has been somewhat shaky, filled with resentment that leads to cases settled in the supreme court, etc. The executive comprising of president, vice president, prime minister, cabinet. Nigeria current affairs 2020 questions and answers pdf free. Another one is a reference library and this is the one where all the information comes from.
What are their features, differences, and functions. They are the executive, president and about 5,000,000 workers legislative senate and house of representatives. What is the relationship between the three tiers of government in nigeria. Separation of powers and nigerian constitutional democracy. Nigerias flag consists of three equal vertical bands of green, white, and green. Structure of government in south africa south african. Impact of multiple taxation on africa trade policy notes. It provides for a presidential system of government in which there is an executive, a legislature and a judiciary, with each acting as a check and balance on the powers of the other two arms. The federal government of nigeria is composed of three distinct branches. The relationship among the three tiers of government in. In nigeria, power relations among the three branches of.
The three branches of government are legislative, executive, and judiciary. Two tier government that are distinctive and interdependent national government and 47 county governments separation of powers between the three arms of government and between the two levels doctrine of mutual control and accountability bicameral legislature national judiciary architecture of government. However, the critical concern is on the extent to which the principle of checks and balances is achieved in reality. The supreme court is the highest court in the land. In nigeria, there exists separation of powers among the three arms of government. As a result, a democratic shrine called the three arms zone was created at the foot of the aso hill, making it the focal point of the city and the locus of power of the federal government of nigeria. There shall be 36 states in nigeria, that is to say, abia, adamawa, akwa ibom. The federation comprises 36 states and 1 federal capital territory, where the capital, abuja, is located. Abujas three arms zone is one kilometer in diameter, and the. They are also tasked with policing the executive and judiciary, given power to impeach people.
What are the three arms of government and their functions. The contitutional government is also known as limited government, the government exercise power enshrined to them by the cons. The constitution further provides for the operation of three tiers of government, at the federal, state and local levels. Numerous ancient african civilizations settled in the region that is today nigeria, such as the kingdom of nri, the benin empire, and the oyo empire. Abujas three arms zone is one kilometer in diameter, and the buildings of the national assembly, the presidential palace, and the supreme court.
Local government administration in nigeria and community. The three arms of government are the legislative,the executive and the judicial government. Why there is harmonious relationship among three arms of govt. Therefore in nigeria, the separation of powers necessary for maintenance of liberty is reconciled with the need for their cooperation with, and dependence on, each other. What are the functions of the three arms of government. Against this background, the study generally discussed the need. P articipatory poverty assessment, the world b nk, september 1995.
It denotes the practice of dividing the powers of a government. Nigerias speaker of the house of representative is. A federation is an association or a union of autonomous states that come together for the purpose of enhancing better relationship or improving their common good. What are the three arms of government and their symbols of. Three branches of government national constitution center. In doing so, the power is balanced between all of the structures. Government is structured into three arms of government and these are known as.
In ancient times the executive monarch and council of ministers used to make the implement laws and it also awarded punishment to the lawbreakers. In this lesson extension, students will create a chart that illustrates, defines and describes the function of each branch of the u. I know the three arms of government are the executive, legislative and judiciary. Any first year student of senior high school who is being introduced to government as a subject knows the three arms of government as a major requirement in democratic governance.
Introduction nigeria and nigerians have been caught in the frenzy of centenary celebration. The three arms of the federal government of nigeria are the. It is the level of government that is closest to the people and is within the people. All the legislative bodies in the three spheres of government, that is, parliament in the national sphere, the nine provincial legislatures in the provincial sphere and the 284 local government legislatures in the third sphere of government are subject to all conditions contained within the constitution. A current trend in the relationships between these organs of government has. Its southern coast is on the gulf of guinea in the atlantic ocean.
The executive power is exercised by the government. Arms of government in nigeria and their functions the executive branch the executive arm of the nigerian government structure is responsible for the implementation and maintenance of law, among other responsibilities. The three arms of government in nigeria and their functions 11 months ago 265217 views by zain agu the delimitation of competencies and powers between the bodies and officials of the state has been known for a long time, but not all world states follow this. Nigeria is a federal republic, with executive power exercised by the. Generally, for instance, the executive arm can veto bills passed by the legislature while the latter can override the veto by the former. Proliferation of arms and security challenges in nigeria. Organs of government and their functions in nigeria legit. Organs or arms of government by joel3 politics nigeria.
Conclusion on the arms of government in nigeria and the tiers. Aug 01, 2019 the federal government of nigeria is composed of three distinct branches. How to explain the the three arms of government and provide each. The legislature enacts the laws and the executive implements them.
Types of government in nigeria and their functions information. This is the law creating section of state, known as the parliament, and also the citizens of western australia choose its members. Legislative, executive, and judicial governance in federal. There are three main organs of government in nigeria, they also called arms of government. Nigeria s speaker of the house of representative is. The 3 arms of government in nigeria and their functions. These structure helps the government to manage society at three different levels and division helps to implement the management in a more efficient way because each organ of government has its own functions and responsibilities. The presidential system of government being practiced in nigeria makes provision for separation of powers, apportioning disparate powers and duties to the executive, legislative and judicial arms of government. Nigerias federal units grew from three to four regions during 19606, and then to 12 states by 1967. Nigeria became an independent state on 1 october 1960. Strategies of pressure groups pressure groups are also known as interest groups or advocacy groups.
The three of them are involved in delivering dividends of democracy to the people. The constitution provides for a separation of powers among the three branches of government. Through the first three articles of the constitution, the framers divided the new government into three parts. A federal system of government is necessarily given effect through institutions of various kinds. The relationship among the three tiers of government in nigeria the three tiers of government in nigeria includes the federal, state and local. How to explain the the three arms of government and provide.
Addressing zanupf youths in harare on saturday, mugabe described as negligent and reckless judges, who, in the past weeks, have sanctioned political demonstrations against the zanupf government. Respected lawyer and former harare mayor, muchadeyi masunda, said the four pillars of government have been emasculated since read more. Each department is responsible for a different issue for example, there is one for health matters. Each state of the federation is divided into smaller units called local government areas. Nigeria is a federal republic with a presidential system. The term separation of powers is an influential concept in modern democracies.
The division of revenue between the spheres of government 3. Although democratically elected local government is protected by the constitution, and development areas and autonomous communities are created by individual state legislation, elected local government is lacking in. The arms of government can be referred to as the branches of government in nigeria. The relationship among the three tiers of government in nigeria. These three parts are known as the three branches of government. Most corrupt of the 3 arms of government in nigeria. The judicial branch of government is made up of the court system. The arms of the state separation of powers this flyer is available for download in two languages. What are the three arms of government in nigeria and their.
The executive is responsible for ruling the country through different departments or ministries. The 3 arms of government in nigeria and their functions updated. The executive is tasked with implementing and enforcing the laws written by the legislative, and the constitution. The nigerian federation comprises three tiers of government the federal government, 36 state governments and the federal capital territory, and 774 local governments. Arms of government in nigeria and the tiers information.
Nov 20, 2010 we have basically three main arms of government. The three arms of the government are the legislative, the executive and the judiciary. One of the three arms of government in ghana is lion fur. First, the spread of islam, predominantly in the north but later in southwestern nigeria as well, began a. The constitution of the federal republic of nigeria provides for a system of checks andbalances to restrict the powers of each arm of government at both the federal, state and local government tiers. Any system of government that is hinged on the rule of law and democracy and especially the presidential system of government as practiced in nigeria must consist of the three great arms of government. In 1976, local governments became recognized as the third tier of government, entitled to statutory allocations from both federal and state governments, 2 nigeria. Nigeria summary nigeria is a federal republic with three tiers of government. There are 3 branches in the government of nigeria and these are. The 3 rd level which also is the last level of the types of government in nigeria is the local government.
Some of their functions of government are to manage the national and international affairs of the country. It also interrogates the powers of this arm of government under the 1979. Why three arms of government should operate independently. Pdf factors influencing the executive and legislative. These courts hear civil and criminal matters of increasing seriousness. There is a realization that some union of powers promotes harmony in government and some separation makes for liberty, while both are essential for efficiency. Types of government in nigeria and their functions. We have been able to look at all the arms of governments and the tiers, sit back and digest. How to explain the the three arms of government and.
Relationship between the three tiers of government in nigeria. The paper canvassed the need for synergy and collaborative approach to community development and reform initiatives anchored on theory to practice policy inclination. Several dominant themes in nigerian history are essential for understanding contemporary nigerian politics and society. But i need their symbols names for example, the judiciarys symbol is that court thing i think balance, i think the legislative symbol is the maze might be wrong though, and i have no idea of the executive. The constitution parliamentary committee copac outreach teams orts are coming to your ward to get your views of what the constitution should be.
The history of nigeria can be traced to prehistoric settlers nigerians living in the area as early as 1100 bc. Nigeria shall be a federation consisting of states and a federal capital territory. An analysis grace malachi brown, phd department of history and diplomatic studies faculty of humanities rivers state university of education pmb 5047, rumuolumeni port harcourt, rivers state nigeria. The machinery of government structure and functions of.
They are the legislative branch, the executive branch and the judicial branch. But today the monarchy has been abolished to a great. The separation of powers is the result, and the essential characteristic of the degree of state. The relative roles of the three tiers of governmentthe federal government, the state governments, and the local government authorities lgasin public service delivery has emerged as one of the most important topics of open and vigorous debate in the new democratic climate in nigeria. The south african government is divided into three parts. The article examined the factor influencing the executive and legislative conflicts in nigeria political development. Even though collaboration is a type of relationship between the tiers, there are other areas of cooperation or relationship. Likewise in nigeria the three arms of government would have to cooperate to be able to operate a workable government. The legislative branch is tasked with writing, amending, and repealing laws. The nigerian government structure is made up of three tiers, which are the federal government, state government and the local government. Assessment of the integrity and capacity of the justice system in three nigerian states technical assessment report january 2006 vienna international centre, p. Apr, 2018 the three branches of government are legislative, executive, and judiciary. The second important organ of the government is executive.52 695 1133 385 865 919 398 996 603 369 694 468 214 1158 116 1228 293 1034 1516 958 1194 466 753 539 400 1298 235 274 681 1093 731 864 570 1241 101 1291 1539 682 1326 240 1126 201 675 778 219 495